2022年4月27日

以民主之名:东南亚关于自由和道德的斗争

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uedbet最新官网登录首页作家团队

作者:Hannah Louise Dimayuga, uedbet最新官网登录首页实习生

自由, 通俗的说, 一个人有思考的权利吗, 行为, 为他或她的幸福说话而不受挑衅或阻碍. 它是一种神圣的力量,体现了加速一个人的舒适或痛苦的关键因素. 自由自古以来就存在于人类之中, and it has evolved to influence world political systems to create a status quo that is best believed to benefit humanity for decades to come. 有了自由,民主就诞生了.

民主, 一种自希腊文明以来发展起来的政治制度, is one of the forefronts of political systems that countries around the world have accepted and established in their local systems. 它是每个追求持久和包容自由的人的骄傲.
The entanglement between two crucial ideologies—democracy and freedom—has become present in Southeast Asia after surpassing struggles of colonialism, 暴力, 共产党叛乱, 种族歧视, 和许多更多. 然而,, 尽管这两种意识形态的存在和承认日益增加, many countries in the South East Asia still fail to lay out a strong foundation for democracy and freedom to coexist in their countries.

与此相关的一个例子是东帝汶和菲律宾的自由状况. 由于总统选举,两国目前都处于过渡状态, 大多数候选人将社交uedbet最新官网登录武器化为政治机器,在选民中传递虚假信息. Malicious lies have been spread across all platforms in social media to stir people's 信仰 against honest and well-willed candidates in the election. 在东帝汶, 现任总统, 旧金山古特雷斯, 政府利用社交uedbet最新官网登录描述了对COVID-19的有效应对, 然而,当地的人们却不这么认为. 与此同时, 在菲律宾, 社交uedbet最新官网登录抨击反对派候选人,并修改历史,以支持执政的民粹主义候选人.

仍然, 尽管如此, 自由和民主的维持仍然是两国希望的灯塔. 东帝汶繁荣的公民社会和宪法允许其自身拒绝任何形式的对民主的不尊重. 与此同时, 在菲律宾, the legacy of a battle well fought in EDSA I and II continues to be a remembrance that freedom will be upheld despite the presence of leaders who abuse it. 然而, 最近的暴力和耻辱仍然是对该区域持续稳定的挑战和威胁. 挣扎在缅甸, which is currently experiencing a military coup; the Philippines and Cambodia, 威权领导人何去何从, 还有更多的战斗在继续质疑该地区是否存在自由和民主.

It is always noteworthy to dwell on the core of how and why populist candidates continue to increase in the region despite having witnessed a history of struggles and 暴力. The digitalization of political malice is the central issue that seems to have invaded the honorable political system of many Southeast Asian countries. 互联网的崛起伴随着价格的责任和责任,一个人几乎留下的每一个痕迹. 然而,, 那些不遵守这些规则的人才是最强大的, 与此形成鲜明对比的是, 利用社交uedbet最新官网登录传播“假新闻”,作为他们不断下降的权力和声誉的权宜之计. 互联网助长了民粹主义的力量, 它已经转化为一种社会受益的治理方式. 虽然民粹主义仍然主导政府, 腐败将继续存在, 糟糕的治理将持续下去, 每个公民的生命都将为此付出代价. 在菲律宾, elections can be considered an existential crisis due to the battle between truth and falsity concerning populist versus honest and credible candidates. The son of a former dictator has swept Filipinos into a possible landslide victory to become the next president of the Philippines, 这一行为玷污了36年前菲律宾人恢复曾经被窃取的民主的困境. 这里uedbet最新官网登录可以说, 用米兰·昆德拉的话来说, “人类与权力的斗争就是记忆与遗忘的斗争。.“忘记他父亲独裁统治带来的极端情况, 他利用社交uedbet最新官网登录作为武器,获得改写历史的力量, 逃避责任和尊重. 因此, 时刻考虑事实是每个公民的义务, 无论实现这些目标有多难. 要坚定地为真理而战,因为这关系到你们国家的未来.

面对东南亚地区铺天盖地的谎言,东南亚国家将如何争取真相? The answer lies in the role of the ASEAN in producing a code of ethics that would uplift and protect the freedom of the states and their people. 然而, 主要问题在于政治制度的差异, 信仰, and ideals that make it challenging to craft an ethics code that will address the different conflicts that have risen and will rise in the near future. 根据uedbet最新官网登录的不干涉原则,这似乎是不可能的. 然而, uedbet最新官网登录的缔造者本身就是有道德的领导人, 不同国家的许多成员都在各自的国家倡导道德信仰和原则. It is essential to acknowledge that ethics is present in the region; the challenge now lies in how the ASEAN will address the changing tides where conflicts may continue to rise, 在21世纪,伦理应该发挥作用.